Saturday, March 29, 2008

RapidoStart - Application Launcher



RapidoStart is an application launcher like QuickSilver covered in this post, only QS is more then shortcuts available faster and that is exactly what RapidoStart is.

you can donwload it from app4Mac, its free, eye candy, makes accessing applications, documents, folders, its tiger and leopard ready, after installation and execution a small icon hides in the corner of your screen.



you click on it in order to open RapidoStart, like dashboard it lands on your screen and gives you a square translucent box. (like in grid stack)



this box can be filled with alias (shortcut) to your favorites applications, documents, etc. by drag and drop icons to it.

there is also a search bar that can narrow your search and find the exact icon you want to launch, and of course a click on the icon will lunch the application/document/folder,

if there are many icons to fit one screen there is the same hidden icon at the edge of the screen allowing you to paginate/scroll the icons (this feature is really absent at stacks, beside plain old list stack),

you can control the pagination animation (3D Cube, Flip 3D etc.), you can decide if the screen contains 8,16,32 icons at a time, the animation it uses to appear and disappear, and you can categories your icons and browse them accordingly, all from a menu available at the lower part of the screen.




all in all RapidoStart is fast, neat, useful, sexy, do exactly what it was designed for, nothing more and nothing less,

there are some features needed and their absents is felt, like history, or recently opened, smart addition (if i add the application folder don't add it as a folder but add all the icons and later if another application has been installed add it automatically).

when i click outside of the application/grid/box it does vanish, much like dashboard (unless you choose enable always on top of other applications), or when you click on th X button,

on the down side you switch between categories using scroll rather then a drop down so if you have a lot of categories its disappointing, however it remembers the last category you browsed and it will display it when you call it to appear again,

when you click a letter it will not immediately narrow your selection or jump focus to the first icon starting with that letter, you need to click the search bar for that,

you cannot drag an icon out of the window in order to delete it like in the dock, but there is an X appearing if you hover on an icon and if you drag it, a trash will appear (but the trash cannot restore)

the most annoying part was that when you configure it to display 8 icons on a page, you can drag and move the screen as to where it will appear, but if you configure it to display 16, 32 and above it will freeze in the center position.

and for the last down side, there is a risky feature, that allows you to open/execute all the icons appearing in a category (not a page, category!), for some reason that feature appears as the first item of the menu, so you can imagine how angry i was to click it when i browsed applications (more then 100 apps) to discover there is no "Are you sure" dialog.

beside these few points its a great application its free,
its the addition you needed to leopard (unless you use QuickSilver),
I give it a 4 out of 5.

here is a video i found about it on youTube:



Enjoy.

Automate your Apple Darwin Boot flags



are you tired from pressing F8, and writing -v cpus=1 -x -f etc?
now you can rest, lets tell leopard to remember the setup we want.

login as "root" to leopard,
from finder goto: /Library/Preferences/SystemConfiguration
then open for edit using your favorite editor the file: com.apple.Boot.plist

Note: you can also do this from your login using terminal like this:
  1. sudo -s
  2. write your password and press enter
  3. cd /Library/Preferences/SystemConfiguration
  4. nano com.apple.Boot.plist
the boot plist file is an XML file, so next you find this section:

Kernel Flags


and in the String tag enter your flags as if you were entering them in the darwin boot prompt
it should look something like this:

Kernel Flags

-v cpus=1


save the changes and reboot.
b.t.w.
in command lime you may also use vi instead of nano, in case you don't know how to operate them here are links to a dummy guide:

Enjoy.

Develop menu on Safari


how many of you noticed this feature? not sure why it is left, it looks like a developer debug menu left behind, but it is cool and very good for developers that wants to try html/JavaScript fragments, and debug/performance tune their web application.



from the "Safari" menu click on "Preferences" then goto tab "Advanced" and check the lower checkbox named "Show Develop menu in menu bar".


next you see the "Develop" menu and its options at the menu bar.

with this menu you can open a snippet editor that allows you to key in html/JS snippets and see the behavior immediately.


another thing you can do is control the way that safari identifies to the web site, a lot of clients supported.


more you can disable/enable cache, images, styles, JavaScript, etc.

another option this menu provide is and error console that provide a log for errors that occurre during page display or ajax call.


next we have the web inspector and network monitor that allows to inspect what a page is downloading (images, JS, CSS, etc.) and how much time is spent on each component.


Enjoy (especially if you are web developers).

Leopard security breached due to Safari vulnerability at CanSecWest



a new security breach has been discovered in OS X Safari, a hacker named Charlie Miller has hacked into a macbook air in under 2 minutes and read a file in the contest PWN2OWN in the security conference CanSecWest that is held in Canada (partially sponsored by Microsoft and Google).


the happy hacker beside getting the recognition he deserve, he also get to keep the computers he successfully hacked (in addition to the 10,000$ reward), he was the one that hacked into the iPhone first at last years security summit, and he also talked about it in the CanSecWest.

what is the exact security
you can read all about it anywhere, here is a NYTimes Link, and here is another link,

i think that if he succeeded under 2 minutes then he came prepared from home, and it got me thinking, who the hell will spend a great hack like that on a vista or linux that runs on PC its worth more to hack a mac especially a macbook air.

the security threat or hack method is not publicized yet, the security expert miller was signed by TippingPoint for his discovery and did not publish the hack method.

i was very disappointed to hear that old crappy vista wasn't the first to fall, and leopard that does everything right got busted probably due to rapid development and extreme speed of releases on safari behalf, we have seen many versions of safari in the past month alone,
its good for us as consumers but bad for bugs, security threats, and apples reputation.

of course that the Microsoft lovers laughing their @ss off but its like a leper laughing at a guy with a zit so that reminded me this youTube video (very funny).

Vista however got hacked at the last day of the contest by Shane Macaulay, with the help of Derek Callaway, the fujitsu laptop and vista got hacked due to a Java security workaround, the box contained Microsoft latest SP1.
the sole remaining undefeted box was Sony Vaio with Linux.



hope this is the last blow apple will take for Microsoft (probably not),

Enjoy (well i at least try to).

Friday, March 28, 2008

Joost on Mac



Joost is a free streaming video, like a free IPTV, or free Online TV, like youTube with application of its own but it has a controlled content which means real full featured episodes of drama, comedy, sports, kids, entertainment, lifestyle, etc.

Joost has lots of channels to choose from, lots of programs at each channel, every program have a long list of episodes, it has a neat sexy UI, it incorporates viewers interaction, rating, favorites, news, summary info, bursting notification of hot content that might interest you etc.

Joost is a startup that being managed by a Skype founder, so if the quality and delivery we saw in skype available on Joost? almost, the TV show quality is not HDTV (just yet) and more like divx the early years, so it won't be amazing on a 42" LCD but it should do, since its free and there is more to come in the near future. (warner has joined the game so you know it's going to get interesting)

go to the Joost site and download a Mac version, it will mount a dmg file that will appear on your desktop looking like this:



(even the mount icon is sexy), next you will see this screen telling you to install Joost by dragging the Joost icon to the left Applications icon (they took care of every detail, perfect - they didn't invest only in windows users)


next you can execute the application and a cool dock icon appears:


the Joost splash screen appears:


followed by a login screen (only first time):


next you will see a "connecting" indication screen:


then a screen indicating what content is being loaded:


some times (rarely) you might get an error saying the connection is lost:


if all goes well you will immediately start watching the content:
(notice the visible controls that fade out after 5 sec and fade in when mouse moved or keyboard pressed)




there is also the channel view that looks like this, allowing you to search, register, go to category, read quick info and see a thumbnail:


Joost is free, have good content, very stylish UI and user friendly interface, good community awareness (although needs more like plugins to existing communities, or list of viewers, co-viewing, etc.).

here is a movie displaying the UI of Joost (the content streaming seems slow but it is because of the sampling and capturing while streaming):


the equivalent for free online TV (that i know of) are:
http://www.streamick.com
http://dynamic.abc.go.com (if you are a US resident)
http://zattoo.com (for certain areas)
http://www.indietv.tv (the indipendent TV revolution)

if any of the readers know of good apps/sites that gives you free TV, please leave a link as a comment - thanks.

and as always - Enjoy.

Enable/Disable Translucent Menu Bar

this is the way to enable or disable the translucency of your menu bar (10.5.2):


1. from the apple menu choose "System Preferences..."


2. click the "Desktop & Screen Saver" icon


3. check or uncheck the lower check box "Translucent Menu Bar"


Enjoy.

How to make menus transparent/translucent in 10.5.2


One of the annoying upgrades you got in 10.5.2 is the removal of translucent menus, many people complained about the transparency of the menus and menu bar, thank god the menu bar transparency can be enabled disabled (look in post for how to), but apple forgot about the menus,

actually if you look closely the menus are translucent but barley something like 5% transparency.
so in order to get them back this is what you do:

1. download the attached files or goto this address and get the 3 files.
b. CoreUI
2. save the files into a folder on the desktop named: "DownloadedFiles"
3. enable root user and login in this way:
a. go to Applications->Utilities->Directory Utility
b. if the lock icon is locked then click it, enter your password 
    when requested and press OK
c. from edit menu select "Enable Root User"


d. if you don't know the root user password change it from the 
    Edit menu->"Change Root Password..."
e. log out from your user
f. use the new "other..." option appears in the login window in order to 
    login as root and the password you set
4. another way to turn root user login on is to do this:
a. open terminal and write these lines:
b. sudo -s
c. enter your password and press enter
d. passwd root
e. enter a password
f. re enter the password
g. logout and use the new "Other..." option from the 
    login window and login as root with the password you entered
5. once logged in as root execute these lines from the terminal:
sudu -s
[enter your password and press enter]
mkdir ~/Desktop/Backup
chmod -R 777 ~/Desktop/Backup
mv /System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox ~/Desktop/Backup
cp ~/Desktop/DonwloadedFiles/HIToolbox /System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A
chmod 755 /System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox
chown 0:0 /System/Library/Frameworks/Carbon.framework/Versions/A/Frameworks/HIToolbox.framework/Versions/A/HIToolbox
mv /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/CoreUI.framework/Versions/A/CoreUI ~/Desktop/Backup
cp ~/Desktop/DownloadedFiles/CoreUI /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/CoreUI.framework/Versions/A
chmod 755 /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/CoreUI.framework/Versions/A/CoreUI
chown 0:0 /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/CoreUI.framework/Versions/A/CoreUI
mv /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/CoreUI.framework/Versions/A/Resources/SArtFile.bin ~/Desktop/Backup
cp ~/Desktop/DownloadedFiles/SArtFile.bin /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/CoreUI.framework/Versions/A/Resources
chmod 755 /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/CoreUI.framework/Versions/A/Resources/SArtFile.bin
chown 0:0 /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/CoreUI.framework/Versions/A/Resources/SArtFile.bin
6. logout from root and login back into your user your Done!

in order to reverse the procedure copy the backed up files into the original location and execute the chmod and chown lines for every one of them, logout and get back into your account.

Note that if you do not execute these lines using root account you may see all the icons of Finder, Safari and other apps messed up like this:


some people reported that the menu bar translucent enable disable feature disappeared, some complained that FTP and SSH stopped working, so keep your backed up files until you are satisfied that this change suite you.

I first read this post here.

Enjoy

Sunday, March 23, 2008

Install new Kernel / Boot from alternate Kernel


this post will display how to install new kernel,
and it will also display how to boot 
from alternative kernel, 
plus some trouble shooting advices.


1. what is a kernel?
Kernel is the core and center of the OS, it interface the hardware and it is the nearest code to hardware there is, it gives the OS and the applications services on the computer (such as CPU, memory access, threading, networking, filesystem etc.) for further reading you can refer to my dev blog post: Kernel Basics.

2. why would i like to update it?
the reasons mostly comes from bug fixed, features added to hackintosh and not available with the version you are using, or just to know you are up-to-date (any new post in insanelymac, netkas or on the net will relate to your version), if you are not confidant in your abilities to update the kernel, then avoid it until you must, it can crash your system (although can be easily reversed)

3. where can i get new kernels?
  • EFI supported kernel are available at netkas blog links from the irc channel.
  • you can also download the latest kernel and its relevant kext from the open source darwin project, compile it, and patch it using netkas EFI patch using this procedure(for more advanced users - not recommended).
4. how to install new kernel?
once downloaded (probably from netks blog) backup your current kernel (/mach_kernel), copy it to the root file system and rename it to "mach_kernel", fix permissions, and your done.
now for the step by step procedure:

a. download the binary mach_kernel file into a folder (for instance desktop)
b. copy the file from downloaded folder (e.g. desktop) to the root folder
  • open terminal
  • write: sudo -s
  • enter your password when prompt and press enter
  • cp ~/Desktop/mach_kernel_9.2 /
c. backup your current kernel by renaming it
  • mv /mach_kernel /mach_kernel_9.0
d. rename the downloaded kernel to the mach_kernel file name
  • mv /mach_kernel_9.2 /mach_kernel
e. fix permissions and reboot
  • chown 0:0 /mach_kernel
  • chmod 755 /mach_kernel

5. how to boot from alternate kernel?
if you do not trust the downloaded kernel, you can ask darwin boot loader to load from a different kernel file, just by stating the full path of the kernel as the first parameter in the boot prompt.

for instance if the downloaded kernel name is: mach_kernel_9.2 then you copy it to the root of the files system using finder or terminal, (from command line: cp mach_kernel_9.2 /).
next, in the boot prompt you write: /mach_kernel_9.2 -v
i added the -v so you can see where other parameters goes.

6. what if something goes wrong?
you can easily reverse the procedure, first you can use the boot from alternate kernel, and booting into the backed up kernel (/mach_kernel_9.0 as first parameter to darwin boot loader).
second you can boot from the install DVD into single user mode, mount the file system and rename the new kernel, copy the backed up kernel as /mach_kernel file name and reboot (i will add a post regarding single user boot, mount, and other unix shell commands needed for the procedure).

here is a 3pg video displaying several options of booting from alternate kernel file. (poor qulity video, opens with QuickTime)

Enjoy.

Saturday, March 22, 2008

Free Albums on iTunes


this is a link allowing you to download music albums for free from itunes,
the link is: http://www.tunecore.com/freealbum

Enjoy.

Thursday, March 20, 2008

Download Hackintosh OS X Leopard



this is actually not a post with links to downloads, rather then the known types of image DVD available out there for download. (you can search google and add the words rapidshare or megaupload or torrent)


  • iATKOS_v1.0i.iso (10.5.1) (Uphuck official site)
  • iATKOS_v1.0iR2.zip (PPF (patch) so the 10.5.1 ISO will convert to 10.5.2) (Uphuck forum)
  • iATKOS_v2.0i  this is an 10.5.2 release here is the readme link
  • Leo4allv3final (wiki site)
  • KALYWAY_LEO_10.5.1intel_SSE2_SSE3.zip (Kalyway 10.5.1 for Intel and AMD)
  • kalyway_Leopard_DVD_intelSSE3_9a527 (Kalyway 10.5.1 9a527)
  • kalyway_hack_10.5.2ComboUpdate (updates kalyway 10.5.1 to 10.5.2)
  • Kalyway_10.5.2_DVD_Intel_Amd.iso (new - published on 10.04.08)
  • JaS OsX86 10.5.2 Intel SSE2 SSE3.iso (JAS Beta comeback)
  • Leopard-10.5.2-AMD-EFI.iso (Zephyroth Leopard 10.5.2 for AMD)
  • ToH_x86_9A581_RC2.iso ( Mac OS X 10.5.1 Leopard ToH -RC2 SSE3 SSE2 Intel)
  • BrazilMac-9a581-Patch.zip (old BrazilMac-9a581-Patch patch real leopard DVD)
there are more old versions 10.4.x Tiger etc. you can check them in the same manner.

my suggestion or actually my recommendation is to choose the latest Leo4Allv3final, it is the best distribution i have seen yet, it has a multi boot options, a great boot-loader that manage with many computer hardware, many kernels, easy installer, no need to do fdisk in order to set installed partition as bootable, no need to install EFI, and there are useful applications installed, it support SSE2, SSE3, AMD and intel, it has tons of drivers and third party almost entire scene open source on the DVD, i loved it and i warmly recommend it.

next install i would recommend to use is iatkos_v2.0i it has an easy install process, and stable release, it includes many drivers and third party, it has a beautiful site that advertise new releases, iatkos group always was a fast supporting group (they where the first to come out with EFI support, 10.5.1, 10.5.2, etc.), they also have a great community and support forum.

lastly is the kalyway_10.5.2, it is a good and now stable release.

Enjoy.

Nice set of how-to

this link: http://osx86.wikidot.com/how-to-s

have several how-to posts, try it if you need one of them it includes:

How to: Load Kext
How to: Enable Root Access
How to: Use Bootloader Flags
How to: Inject Kexts into Leopard DVD
How to: Use online updates
How to: Fix the GUID bootloader (Blinking cursor)
How to: Create and Install GFX Strings for EFI
How to: Install Leopard on a software RAID(without an existing installation)
How to: Find device id with Windows
How to: Find device id with Mac OS / Linux
How to: Disable SPOTLIGHT
How to: Install and use GIMP without X11
How to: Changing "About this Mac" info

Enjoy.

Sunday, March 16, 2008

another cool click and drag in safari

hi,

this is another cool feature of click and drag showing the simplicity of the great big apple,
the safari design is so good that it identify a URL object in its link state or text state an allow to drop it in the tab bar, Download windows, bookmark bar etc. no matter the source, even a textedit, and no matter the ammount it support multiple URLs.



another great thing is that you can view a source of html for instance and copy a URL of lets say MP3 and paste it into the download window, using Command+V or Edit->Paste when the Downloads window is focused and the download immediately starts. (it helped me when i got to a page that insisted opening the MP3 in the QuickTime and no download link available)

you can click and drag links and URLs so they will be opened as a tab or downloaded, including multiple URLs, here are some videos displaying that:

open link as a new tab:
video

open text URL as a new tab:
video

download link using click and drag:
video

download multiple text URLs using click and drag:
video

Enjoy.

New FeedBurner added + iTunes Podcast

hi,


i have added RSS feed through FeedBurner here is the new address:


also you can find the blogs video and audio content through iTunes podcasts, just search for apple2pc or hackintosh and it should be there,

Enjoy

Saturday, March 15, 2008

Install Leopard - iATKOS_v1.0i

this is a continue to the "BIOS Options for hackintosh" post

this post will be a screen-shot guide of how to install Leopard on a PC,
if this is the first post you read regarding this issue please read the previous sections they will save you a lot of troubleshooting in the install process,

this guide is based on iAtkos 1.0i 10.5.1 without the 10.5.2 PPF, the installation DVD i used is an upgrade and require a pre installed Mac, i used for that an iAtkos tiger install, in order to see the tiger installation post refer to the "Install Tiger" post, another solution is to download a full installation of leopard (not an upgrade), i know there is a Kaliway and uphack iAtkos versions of it.

these screenshots comes from my LG W1 Laptop, it has this hardware mounted on it:

  • Core2Duo 1.83Ghz x2 (only one working when the other is enabled i get a reboot loop)
  • 2G DDR2 667
  • 120G SATA HD (can support RAID)
  • PCMCIA Texas Instruments Card Reader
  • Dual-Layer DVD Burner
  • USB 2.0 x4 or USB 1.0 x2 + USB 2.0 x2 (both successfully supported)
  • ATI X1600 Mobility (working with ATIinject)
  • Sound Card (internal speakers not working)
  • 17" LCD
yet i have successfully installed this leopard version in more the ten computer types, including laptops and desktops (though i didn't try AMD yet, i have one at home waiting to do just that, it will require a different leopard version one that supports SSE2, i will add a post regarding that), among them Core2Duo, 1G/2G, internal HD/External HD, WIFI, ethernet cards, cable internet, ADSL, LCD, CRT, bluetooth, etc. if you want to know if your PC will be supported check the OSX86 HCL (Hardware Compatibility List)

lets begin, first insert the burned DVD (i used alcohol 120% with generic format to burn the copy)


next turn the computer on, so it will boot from the DVD (make sure the BIOS is set to boot from DVD first)


after booting you see a screen similar to this, counting backwards, and notifying that it is loading the Darwin boot loader, allow it to proceed until you see the next gray apple screen


next you see the apple boot screen this should take between a minute to 5 minutes


in the meanwhile connect a USB keyboard (if you are on a laptop it is a good bet that the internal will not work out of the box), in desktop try not to mix mouse and keyboard ps2 with USB, ether both USB or both PS2 (although it can work mixed).


i use a silicon roll up keyboard so it bothers me less (but it still bother)


next you see the 'About' screen of the install and the 'About' message was removed and what left is just "Click Next" message so go ahead an click next


the 'next' button is in the lower right side of the screen


a progress indication dialog appears should take up to 1 minute or so


next a 'Welcome' screen appears and since this is a tweaked leopard install you see the hacker group message here, mine say iAtkos + version, click Continue


next screen should have been the Apple License agreement but here we get the iAtkos group "readme" file content, use only English language and click Agree


now the fun begins, this screen ether display hard drive partition that you can install leopard on, or not most of you will not see the Hard drive icons, don't worry about it we will soon create one that will be visible, and usable, if you see one and want to use it as your install partition then click it and jump the "Darwin Install" step.


next click on the "Utilities" menu from the upper menubar


and choose "Disk Utility", the screen will be replaced by the disk utility application


in this screen you see a center section that is empty for the moment and on the left you will see all the disks and partitions available on your PC, on the upper part you see an icon bar that can perfom several operations on the selected disk/partition


select the partition you want to erase (and install leopard on) from the left disk/partition tree, immediately you see the center changes allowing you to see summary info on the selected partition and perform operations like erase, create, format, fix etc.


from the center part of the screen press the Erase tab


choose a volume format, Mac OS Extended (Journaled),
in the name text field write the name of the partition (this is the name of the HD icon on the Mac desktop and the name of the boot partition you will see in the Darwin boot screen, so choose it carefully, i think only English is supported, try not to use spaces in the name and it is Case sensitive), i used Leopard2 in this example, and click the "Erase" button


next you get a popup screen (in mac its rather a scroll down) that asking you to confirm to erase the partition looking like this: (click the erase)


next the partition is erased and a progress bar indication available at the bottom of the screen, after the erase finish you see a complete message and on the left partition/disk tree there is a new icon of the recently formated/erased mac partition (leopard2 in this example), close the "Disk Utility" window and exit to the main install window


Darwin Install:
after the disk formatting you should be able to see its icon in the main screen, do not select it yet we need to finish one more step, that is the installation of the darwin boot loader it is responsible to initialize all the kext(Kernel extension) and boot the system, also we will install the EFI system that will allow to run a vanilla kernel.
from the Utilities menu in the menu bar select Darwin Boot


next the main screen disappear and a terminal window appears elaborating on the procedure, go ahead and read it,


at the end it ask you: do you want to continue, press y


it asks you to write the number of the Hard Drive you want to install Darwin on (the drive that will be bootable and mac will be installed on it) use the drive that you recently erased (it should be available from the data you gathered in an earlier stage), please note that every hard drive number should be added 1 to it so for instance your first driver (number 0) you should enter here 1 instead, etc.


next comes the partition number write the real number (first is 1, second partition on that disk is 2, etc.) (sorry i dont have a screen shot for that one).

last step is to install the EFI (it works on most PCs, if it won't work on yours, just reinstall and skip the EFI part), EFI allows the hackintosh to operate as a real leopard, including Software Update and several kext (drivers), it uses a vanilla kernel code,
so in the next question: "Do you want to install boot EFI" press Y (sorry no screen shot for this one as well).

lastly you will be asked: "Are you sure? " (for all the previous answers you gave), if you answer yes the darwin and EFI (if you selected Yes on EFI question) will be written to the disk and partition you selected, if you answer no all will be discarded and you can redo this part and reselect your options.
write Y, after the darwin install is finish it will write exit, logout, [Process Completed], the install takes 5-10 seconds


after the install is completed we need to flag this partition as bootable, this will allow you to boot from the newly installed partition,
to open a new terminal window from the Shell Menu, choose new Window->Homebrew


a new terminal window appears, enter the fdisk CLI (Command line interface) using this command:
/usr/sbin/fdisk -e /dev/rdisk0
replace the last number (in this example 0) with the your leopard install HD number


you can use question mard (?) and see the command list


write p (short for print) it will display you with all the available partitions on the selected disk, including details such as size, type etc. you will also see an astrik sign (*) next to the current bootable (flagged) partition, in this example case its 2.


flag your partition to be bootable using the command:
f 1
(f is a short for flag) replace the number 1 with your installed leopard partition


after you do that you can see there is an astrik sign (*) next to your prompt indicating that a change has occurred and no commit has been applied, you can use p (print) again, to make sure that the appropriate partition has been flagged


now write u (short for update)


and w (short for write)


the astrik sign (*) has disappeared from your prompt indicating all changes have been applied, you can write q (short for quit)


once finished with the fdisk utility we can exit the Terminal application, you do that by clicking the Terminal Menu->Quit Terminal from the menubar it will bring you back to the main install window


now select the icon of the partition you want to install leopard on (the same partition you erased and named, same one you installed darwin on) and click continue


now you get to the actual install screen (after all the preperation)


in the lower left corner there is a Customize button that, press it.


it opens a window that allow you to select what components to install, if you know what you are doing then check your selection, if you are a beginner with hackintosh select only the ones that are marked in the image, note select EFI only if in "Darwin Install" you selected Yes in the Install EFI question, otherwise uncheck it.


when you finish click on the Done button in the lower right corner


you will returned to the "Install Summary" screen, press the install button


a popup (or scroll down) will appear and perform a checksum on the Install DVD to make sure all the files are correct intact and original, you can select to wait 2-3 minutes, or press skip


after the validation part is done (or skip is pressed) the OS file copy stage begins, this will take time, lay back and relax


the progress window looks like this:


when the install process finishyou get this "Install Succeeded" screen and it will stay this way for 30 seconds, waiting for you to press restart, if you don't it will automatically restart anyway


before it will boot back up, eject the install DVD, you will not need it any more (for this install)


after the BIOS screen press F8 so the darwin boot screen will load


make sure you see the recently installed partition with the name you gave it (my example "Leopard2"), select it and press enter


now you see the apple gray boot screen


if all went well you will soon see (and hopefully hear) the great apple "Welcome video", you cannot press esc and stop it, so enjoy it until it ends and the next customization screen set appears


first screen is the region selection screen, select your region, if you cant see it check the the lower "Show All" checkbox


next is the country selection screen, choose your country, if you cant find it check the lower "Show All" checkbox


next is the keyboard layout screen, select your keyboard layout, if you cant see the one for you check the lower "Show All" checkbox


next screen is important, it gives you the opportunity to migrate data, setup, application etc. from an existing mac installation, if you have an upgrade install DVD version of leopard then you must have an earlier install of mac OS (like Tiger, check the "Install Tiger" post), if you don't have an upgrade install DVD you can choose the last option "do not transfer my information now" and click "continue", but if you have an upgrade version and you have previously installed a Tiger version on this PC then just choose: "from another volume on this mac" and click "continue", note: if this is an upgrade version DVD and you have not installed Tiger after you click "continue" it will go back to the "welcome video" stage and it will do that only 3 times after that the installation will be corrupted.


if you choose to transfer the information from previously installed mac, then this screen appears, asking you to select the data you want to transfer (you must select at least one user), make sure you have enough disk space and click transfer.


a transferring progress indication screen appear, it will take time depending on the size to transfer.


next it will ask you to select your internet connection type and set it up, it can be done but i prefer for first install to do only what has to be configured so i can see the leopard is launching and not that the internet connection has failed the installation, this wizard can always be activated from within leopard,


next it will display the registration sceen, fill in the fields and press continue


now it will warn you about fields you forgot to fill or filled incorrectly or if the email is invalid, ether fix the data (if it will not allow you to continue) or press ok to ignore


next the more questions screen appear asking you where do you use this mac and what describes your uses for it, and you may check the ckeckbox in order to be notified of new sales and new products etc. by email (don't check this checkbox)


next it will ask to send the registration info to apple, obviously you select "register later" and press continue.


next the set the date and time window appears allowing you to set the clock, set it and press continue.


now it will remind you not to forget to register with apple, press Done.


thats it in a minute you will have a leopard system working, now just calibrate your keyboard, so leopard will load the appropriate code for it, press continue.


first it will ask you to press the key next to the left shift,


in my case it is Z, click it once


next the screen changes and ask you to press the key next to the right shift,


in my case it is the question mark key (?) press it only once,


next it should notify you that the keyboard has been identified and allow you to ether press done or change the identification from the options available, (leave it and press done)


next you will see the leopard login window (actually the hackintosh hacked login screen) choose your user enter the password and click login


lastly you should see the leopard desktop and dock.


thats it, if you have problems or questions send a post here, if you succeed send your success story in insanelymac and your hardware setup in the OSX.org HCL Page,

Enjoy your Mac.

 
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